By Jessie Giddens
As ALTs, we often see JTEs working busily at their desks, and we wonder how we can help. At the high school where I work, I feel lucky that JTEs often ask me to help them prepare for and participate in English classes. Recently, my school housed a demonstration where we showed over fifty teachers from around Yamagata a team teaching lesson. The observers greatly enjoyed our lesson, and I was asked to share it with other ALTs. I hope our lesson will give you some ideas to use in your own classrooms!
In my school, we use a method of learning English called Dictogloss. Dictogloss is a listening, writing, and speaking collaborative activity. During the lessons, students listen to a short text, jot notes, and speak with others to reconstruct the text. Unlike dictation which requires students to write down words verbatim, dictogloss encourages creativity. This lesson is especially useful as Yamagata transfers to use “as much English as possible” in the classroom. Virtually no Japanese was spoken by we teachers, and students too speak English with each other to reconstruct the text. For months before the lesson, we did practice “classroom English” for many months leading up to the demonstration. Students learnt words like “make groups,” “pass your papers forward,” “speak louder,” “open to page 25,” and others. Just learning these words gave students confidence in English. The observers said that they were surprised how possible it seemed to speak only English in the classroom.
The text that the students listened to during this lesson was a synopsis I made of a page from the student’s textbooks that they had studied in a previous lesson. Though many textbooks include a summary in the teacher’s edition, making your own is helpful because you can alter the difficulty. Other preparation for the lesson included making easy English definitions and review questions.
Below is the lesson plan that we used:
||Review: Pair work and Individual work.
- Students are given a handout with a copy of the text they had studied in the previous lesson. From the text, a few words are removed. The translation of said words is given. Reading aloud in pairs, students remember the missing words with the help of the translation.
- Students write down the missing words in English.
- Students check the original text to see if they spelled the words correctly.
- Students listen to ALT read the text to prepare for pronunciation practice of the text.
- Students repeat the text after the ALT, focusing on pronunciation and intonation.
- Students perform overlapping (which is reading at the same time as the ALT).
- Students shadow the ALT (which is listening and repeating just after hearing) while only listening, without the help of the text.
||Warm Up: Group Work
- Students make groups and are given a new handout. This handout includes easy English definitions to unknown words.
- The JTE makes a grid-like shape on the board to prepare to give points to groups of students for correct answers.
- Working in groups, students listen to the ALT read again, hoping to “find the words” for the definitions.
- The JTE checks their understanding of the definitions and gives points to groups with correct answers.
- Next each of the groups has one member stand, and the class plays a question and answer game. The JTE reads a question about the text and students strive to answer and earn points. Upon a correct answer, the next member stands.
- Students listen to the ALT tell a summary of the text they had been studying. The summary is much shorter (only five sentences) than their text, but includes much of the same vocabulary and sentence structures. At first, students listened only (i.e., no pencils!).
- Next, students take memos while listening to the CD. Rather than strict dictation, students tried to find important keywords.
- Students listen to the ALT a third time and then share their memo ideas with the members of their group.
- Group members together begin writing their own versions of the summary.
- Groups are invited to earn points by writing one of their sentences on the board. Each of the sentences are checked for grammar by ALT/JTE.
- Students repeat the new sentences after the ALT.
- At the bottom of their handout, students circle answers to the questions:
- I master the words (perfect // so-so // not good).
- I understand the text (perfect // so-so // not good).
- I try hard to use English and cooperate with friends! (perfect // OK // so-so // not good).
I hope that you can use ideas from this lesson in your own classrooms. Recommend dictogloss to JTEs, especially those who are worried about using mostly English in the classroom.
If you have questions about the lesson, please let me know!